Healty Food For Gout Arthritis
Gout arthritis or better known as uric acid is a type of arthritis that attacks the joints most Indonesian people. This is because today’s society, especially in urban areas that have experienced many lifestyle changes including diet, such as the consumption of food “good” but not healthy. Uric acid is a disease that attacks very much influenced by diet. This disease has historically considered against the rich, because in earlier times much uric acid awaits those who drink alcohol, and likes food as delicious meat broth, brain, liver and other organ meats.
Uric acid is a purine metabolic wastes in the body and then excreted through urine. Levels of high uric acid in the blood will spread into the joint cavities, which causes acute inflammation / happening gout. The first attack of gout is generally acute attacks that occurred on the big toe joint. But can also attack other joints, such as the ankles, knees and elbows. Gout attacks usually occur suddenly (mostly attacked at night). The joints are attacked by red, shiny, swollen, the skin on it is hot with great pain, and joint difficult to move. Usually, acute gout attacks associated with the consumption of foods containing high purine. If the disease had chronic / chronic which may arise tofus bump-bump containing a white liquid containing uric acid crystals.
Normal levels of uric acid in the blood for men is 3.4 to 7 mg / dl. Normal levels of uric acid in the blood for women is 2.4 to 6 mg / dl. Someone said to have high uric acid if the examination shows uric acid levels above 7 mg / dl for men and more than 6 mg / dl for women. Uric acid levels in the blood is expected to stabilize at about 5 mg / dl.
Increased levels of uric acid in the blood of one of them caused by high intake of foods containing purines. The higher the income substances purine uric acid production also increased. Therefore, uric acid disease is recommended for low-purine diet to reduce uric acid formation. Purine levels in the normal diet during the day can reach 600-1000 mg, whereas the low-purine diet is limited to contain 120-150 mg of purine.
The following types of foods with high purine content which can increase blood uric acid levels:
-organ meats, like liver, intestines, spleen, tripe, lung, heart, and brain
- Extract the meat / broth, duck, goose, bird
- Shrimp, oysters, crabs, and squid
- Preserved foods like sardines, corned beef, broth
- Melinjo and processed as emping
- Nuts, dried and processed products, such as peanuts, soybeans, green beans, dried beans, bean sprouts, tempeh, tofu, oncom, Tauco, and soy milk.
- Vegetables and certain fruits, such as spinach, kale, cassava leaves, asparagus, green beans, cauliflower, leaves, cashew nuts, pineapple, durian, avocado and coconut milk.
- Alcoholic beverages, like beer, whiskey, wine, wine, tape, yeast, and other fermented beverages.
In addition to avoiding foods that contain high purine, patients should also avoid fatty foods because fat tends to inhibit uric acid expenses.
Uric acid patients are advised to drink lots of water and fruit juice for liquid water to help remove uric acid through the urine. The food is good and healthy for people with uric acid levels are low but purine must satisfy enough calories, protein, minerals and vitamins.
Source of carbohydrates, like rice / rice, maize, sweet potatoes, and potatoes can all be given.
Source of animal protein except those containing high purine. Freshwater fish such as gurame, mujair and fish can all be consumed, except that marine fish contain high purine, meat or chicken and eggs should be consumed but is limited to 50 grams per day.
Vegetable proteins such as tempeh and know contain high purine, cunsumed should be limited only around 25-50 grams per day.
Vegetables: Pare, celery, and vegetable takokak is very good for arthritis, including arthritis, gout / uric acid. Other vegetables such as carrots, cabbage, squash, lettuce, cucumber, and others at will except that contain high purine as already mentioned.
Fruit: Almost all good fruits consumed by gout sufferers particularly those containing high water like watermelon because it has a diuretic effect that helps remove uric acid through the urine. Fruits can also be consumed except durian, pineapple, avocado and coconut water because these fruits in the intestines can be fermented into alcohol.
In addition to watching your diet to avoid acute gout attacks, can also be used herbal efficacious lowering uric acid levels in the blood. Herbs to address among other uric acid as a potent anti-inflammatory, eliminate pain, improve performance in the removal of kidney uric acid, urinary emetic, and prevent complications in the kidneys and other organs. The following herbs can be used to reduce uric acid.
1.Sambiloto (Andrographis paniculata)
2.Kumis Cats (Orthosiphon aristatus)
3.Akar Alang-Alang (Imperata cyllindrica)
4.Ceplukan (Physalis angulata)
5.Daun spoon (Plantago major)
Red 6.Jahe (Zingiber officinale)
7.Pegagan (Centella asiatica)
8.Krokot (Portulaca oleracea)
9.Kunyit (Curcuma longa)
10.Temu lawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza)
11.Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia)
12.Meniran (Phyllanthus urinary)
13.Rambut Maize (Zea mays L.)
14.Salam (Syzygium polyanthum)
Here are examples of herbal prescriptions to reduce high uric acid
Red ginger 25 grams + 10 grams + 60 grams sambiloto reed roots + 30 g temu lawak. The material is washed, cut into pieces, boiled in 4 cups of water until the remaining 2 cups, filtered, taken 2 times a day, each time drank 200 cc.
2 pieces mengkudu + 30 grams of purslane + 15 + 15 grams of Centella asiatica bay leaves. The material is washed, cut into pieces, boiled in 4 cups of water until the remaining 2 cups, filtered, taken 2 times a day, each time drank 200 cc.
30 grams of leaves a mustache cat + + 15 grams 15 grams Meniran Physalis angulata + 25 grams of turmeric. The material is washed, cut into pieces, boiled in 4 cups of water to the remaining 2 cups, filtered, taken 2 times a day, each time drank 200 cc.
Note: select a recipe and do regularly. To use the pot boiling the ground, pot glass / pyrex or enamel saucepan.